Therapeutic Approaches

Therapeutic approaches wheel
Creative activitiy
Creative activity can be singing, music, looking at art, creating a picture or baking a cake. The scope is endless. The process of creating is always more important that the finished result. Creative activity is often very successful for people living with dementia.
Medication
There are drugs available to treat Alzheimer's. These drugs can slow the progress of Alzheimer's in some people. To access these you will need to be referred to a consultant by your GP.
Cognitive stimulation
Cognitive Stimulation therapy (CST) Is a brief 14 session psychosocial treatment. It uses many researched therapeutic approaches in structured 45 minute group therapy sessions. CST also provides peer support to people living with memory loss.
Relaxation
Relaxation can take many forms but the aim is always to de-stress the body and mind. What is relaxing for one individual may not be for another. Gentle music with a hand massage, or a walk in the woods, sensory rooms and pets as therapy are all good examples of relaxation interventions.
Reminiscence
Reminiscence uses people's strengths in long term memory to help with socialisation and sharing of thoughts and ideas. Talking about a time in the past eg school days or a person's first job is an example. The facilitator will often use music and props to assist the person in recalling memories.
Social interaction
All humans have a need for social interaction; spending time with other humans and this can sometimes become more difficult when dementia affects communication. Socialising with peers and participating in groups and clubs are beneficial in maintaining self-esteem and self-worth.
Validation
Validation is all about stepping in to the world of the person living with memory loss. All opinions are acknowledged, respected and heard (regardless of whether or not the listener actually agrees with the content) The person living with memory loss' point of view is treated with genuine respect and communication takes place from their perspective.
Reality orientation
Reality orientation (R.O) is all about presenting information about time, place or person in order to help a person understand their surroundings and situation. This information is repeated at regular intervals.
Physical activity
What's good for your heart is good for your head. There's evidence to suggest that physical exercise can help reduce some of the symptoms of dementia. Exercise classes, physical games like skittles or bowling, or simply walking are good examples.